Scientific Description:

Woody or herbaceous, sometimes armed. Leaves alternate, usually stipulate, simple or compound, often with a toothed margin. Inflorescence diverse, in trees and shrubs often borne on spur shoots. Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual, actinomorphic, perigynous or epigynous. Sepals 4−5, free; epicalyx present or absent. Petals 4−5, free, or absent. Stamens 1-many. Ovary superior to inferior, of 1-many carpels, the carpels only united in genera with ± inferior ovary. Fruit with a dry or fleshy receptacle or hypanthium of diverse form, bearing follicles, achene(s), or drupe, or forming a pome (i.e. with the ± syncarpous ovary (carpels 1−5) adnate to and enclosed by the fleshy receptacle). Seeds usually without endosperm.


Davis PH (1972). Rosaceae, In: Davis PH (ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, Edinburgh University Press, Edinurgh, 4: 1.

Public Description:

Rose family”, is a family which includes herbs, shrubs and trees, and spreads all over the world, but is most diverse in the Northern Hemisphere. The rose family is arguably one of the most economically important crop plant families, including apple (MalusMill.), almond (AmygdalusL.), peach, apricot, plum, cherry (Prunus L.), pear (Pyrus L.), quince (CydoniaMill.), medlar (Mespilus Bosc ex Spach), loquat (Eriobotrya Lindl.), raspberry, blackberry(Rubus L.), strawberry (Fragaria L.). Some species are grown as ornamental plants like rose (Rosa L.), firethorn (Pyracantha M.Roem.) and cotoneaster (Cotoneaster Medik). In addition, the fruits of these plants belonging to this family are the most important food source for many animals, especially birds and small mammals, in the nature.



Anonymous 1 (2016).,Accessed date: 21.05.2016.

Anonymous 2 (2016).,Accessed date: 21.05.2016.

Anonymous 3 (2016).,Accessed date: 21.05.2016.

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