Scientific Description:

Herbs or dwarf shrubs. Leaves simple, generally in basal rosettes, sometimes opposite, fasciculate or alternate. Flowers in bracteate spikes, (2−)4-merous, hypogynous, usually hermaphrodite. Sepals persistent in fruit. Corolla gamopetalous, scarious. Stamens inserted on corolla tube; filaments long-exserted from corolla. Ovary 1−4-locular; placentation axile or basal. Ovules 1many. Fruit usually a circumscissile capsule, or an indéhiscent achene. Seeds with endosperm, embryo straight.



Davis PH (1982). Plantaginaceae, In: Davis PH (ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 7: 504.

Public Description:

The “plantain family”, contains herbs, shrubs and also a few aquatic plants occurring mostly in temperate zones. The leaves appear to have parallel venation like monocots, but there are smaller, netted veins between the main veins. Leaves are arranged in opposite or spiral form. The flowers are in a wide variety of shapes, usually two-lipped, four-piece, or rather shrunken. "Dragon flower (Antirrhinum L.)" which is widely used as an ornamental plant, “Foxgloves (Digitalis L.)” which is used in the production of heart medicines and as an ornamental plant despite the fact it has quite poisonous substances, and “Plantain (Plantago L.)” that have medical properties are found in this family.



Anonymous 1 (2016)., Accessed date: 13.02.2016.

Anonymous 2 (2016)., Accessed date: 13.02.2016.

Anonymous 3 (2016)., Accessed date: 13.02.2016.

“ibuflora” can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional and consult your doctorbefore using a plant medicinally.
All Right Reserved.