Scientific Description:

Annual to perennial herbs, rarely suffruticose. Leaves alternate, opposite or basal, exstipulate, simple, entire to rarely deeply divided. Inflorescence scapose or flowers axillary, whorled or in racemes, spikes, umbels or panicles, often bracteate, 5-merous (in Turkey), bisexual, sometimes heterostylous. Corolla usually gamopetalous and actinomorphic, rarely absent. Stamens epipetalous, opposite corolla lobes. Staminodes occasionally present. Ovary usually superior, placentation free-central. Stigma capitate. Fruit a 5-valved or circumscissile capsule. Seeds many or few.



Davis PH (1978). Primulaceae, In: Davis PH (ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 6: 111.

Public Description:

 Primrose family”, contains herbaceous annual or perennial herbs.Although worldwide in distribution, most species grow in temperate and colder regions of the Northern Hemisphere, and many are Arctic or Alpine. Many plants which have economic value, especially the species belonging to the genera "cyclamen (Cyclamen L.)" and "common primrose(Primula L.)" are members of this family and are widely used as garden plants.Besides, yellow dye is obtained from species belonging to the genus “pimpernel (LysimachiaL.).Some members of the family are poisonous, and a few have useful medicinal properties.



Anonymous 1 (2016). /,Accessed date: 12.04.2016.

Anonymous 2 (2016). Accessed date: 12.04.2016.

Anonymous 3 (2017). Accessed date: 13.12.2017.

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