Scientific Description:

Annual to perennial herbs (with tuberous tap root) with lyrate-pinnatifid leaves and an indumentum of stiff white hairs. Calyx erect; inner sepals somewhat saccate. Petals broadly obovate, long-clawed, usually clearly veined. Median honey glands semi-globose. Ovary 2-membered, 2−20-ovulate; stigma small, capitate. Fruit 2-membered with a narrow seedless beak; lower segment very inconspicuous, stalk-like; upper segment cylindrical and indehiscent or constricted between the seeds and then breaking into 1-seeded segments. Cotyledons longitudinally folded.



Hedge IC (1965). Raphanus L., In: Davis PH (ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 1: 269.

Public Description:

Raphanus, is a genus of annual or biennial plants, commonly known as “radish”, and is native to Asia, but its members can now be found worldwide. There are 4 species in the world and 2 species (6 taxa) in Türkiye. The young leaves and underground swollen roots of cultured radish (Raphanus sativus L.) have long been grown as a food crop, but they also have various medicinal effects. Some species (especially cultivars) contain a chemical called "raphanin" which has antibacterial and antifungal properties. They also show tumor inhibitory activity.



Anonymous 1 (2015). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raphanus, Accessed date: 28.12.2015.

Anonymous 2 (2015). http://www.theplantlist.org/1.1/browse/A/Brassicaceae/Raphanus/ Accessed date: 28.12.2015.

Anonymous 3 (2018). http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/r/raphanus-sativus=radish.php,Accessed date: 31.03.2018.

Pérez Gutiérrez RM, Lule Perez R (2004). Raphanus sativus (Radish): Their Chemistry and Biology. TheScientificWorldJOURNAL: 4: 811–837.

Mutlu B (2012). Raphanus L., In: Güner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M. & Babaç, M.T. (eds.), Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını. İstanbul, pp. 292−293.

“ibuflora” can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional and consult your doctorbefore using a plant medicinally.
All Right Reserved.