Fritillaria ponticaWahlenb. - European Fritillaria
Stem 15−45 cm. Leaves usually 8, lowest 5−8(−10) × 0.5−1.7 cm, opposite or subopposite, upper in a whorl of 3, 5−11 × 0.3−1.0 cm. Perianth broadly campanulate; segments green, often tinged reddish-brown but not tessellated; outer 2.4−4.5 × 0.8−1.0 cm, usually acute, inner 1−1.5 cm broad, obtuse. Nectaries 3 mm diam., circular, blackish, 5 mm above perianth base. Filaments 12 mm, papillose. Style 12−15 mm, 3-fid; branches 5−7 mm, slender, smooth. Capsule with 6 narrow longitudinal wings.
Flowering time: April−May.
Habitat: Open woods and scrub, 30−1200 m.
Rix EM (1984). Fritillaria pontica Wahlenb., In: Davis PH (ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 8: 288.
Fritillaria pontica, known as “European fritillaria”, is native to mountains of Türkiye, Albania, Bulgaria, Greece and Bulgaria. It is a bulbous perennial herb with greenish-brown flowers and can be grows up to 45 cm in length. It blooms between April and May and is found in open woods and shrub. Most fritillaries have toxic alkaloids, and even a small amount can cause fatal consequences if swallowed. However, they are among the most commonly used plants as ornamental plants or cut flowers.
Anonymous (2016). http://www.paghat.com/fritillariapontica.html, Accessed date: 21.02.2016.
Tekşen M (2012). Fritillaria L., In: Güner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M. & Babaç, M.T. (eds.), Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını. İstanbul, pp. 604–607.