Scientific Description:

Annual or perennial herbs. Leaves 2−3-pinnatisect or compound, with narrow laciniae. Flowers actinomorphic, solitary. Perianth biseriate; outer segments (sepals) 5, membranous, often coloured; inner segments (petals) 5−20, red, yellow or whitish, without a nectary. Anthers often blackish. Achenes borne in an elongate (annuals) or round (perennials) head, beaked, not laterally compressed, often with a transverse crest. Material without ripe achenes has been frequently misidentified. Field notes should be taken on petal colour, since red flowers often turn yellow on drying. In this account measurements of achene length include the beak.



Davis PH (1965). Adonis L., In: Davis PH (ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 1: 140.

Public Description:

Adonis, is a genus of annual or perennial herbs, commonly known as “adonis”, and is native to Europe and Asia. There are approximately 32 species in the world and 9 species (12 taxa) in Türkiye. The generic name “Adonis” refers to the mythic character “Adonis”, a lover of the goddess Aphrodite or Venus. Some species are cultivated for use in gardens. They are medicinal plants containing a chemical compound (glycoside Adonidin) that is used in the treatment of heart disorders.



Anonymous 1 (2016).,Accessed date: 04.05.2016.

Anonymous 2 (2016). Accessed date: 04.05.2016.

Anonymous 3 (2016). /,Accessed date: 04.05.2016.

Doğan Güner E (2012). Adonis L., In: Güner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M. & Babaç, M.T. (eds.), Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını. İstanbul, pp. 772.

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