VIOLACEAE - VIOLET FAMILY
Herbs. Leaves alternate, stipulate, simple. Flowers hermaphrodite, hypogynous, zygomorphic, spurred. Sepals, petals and stamens 5. Ovary 3-carpellary, 1-celled, with 3 parietal placentas. Fruit a capsule. Seeds numerous, arillate.
Davis PH (1965). Violaceae, In: Davis PH (ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 1: 524.
Violaceae, commonly known as “violet family”, is distributed in temperate and tropical regions of the world. It is usually composed of annual or perennial herbs, and also includes some shrubs and small trees. The violet family has a characteristic appearance with flamboyantspurred flowers.Many varieties of violet cultivars, mainly "Johnny Jump up or heartsease (Viola tricolor L.)", have been produced and are widely used especially as outdoor ornamental plants.
Anonymous (2016). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Violaceae/Accessed date: 24.11.2016.