Scientific Description:

Herbs, shrubs or trees, aromatic or foetid. Leaves alternate or opposite, simpleor compound, gland-dotted, exstipulate. Flowers usually hermaphrodite andactinomorphic. Sepals 45, free or connate below. Petals imbricate, rarely valvate,45, usually distinct. Disc present. Stamens equal in number to or twice as manyas the petals or more, free or sometimes connate below. Ovary superior, syncarpous,45-locular, but carpels occasionally only basally fused. Styles as manyas carpels, free or fused. Fruit a capsule or hesperidium (in Türkiye).



Davis PH (1967).Rutaceae, In: Davis PH (ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2: 495.

Public Description:

Rutaceae, commonly known as “rue family” or “citrus family”, is distributed in tropical and temperate regions,with the most species occurring in South Africa and Australia. Species of this family generally have flowers that divide into four or five parts, usually with strong scents and range in form and size from herbs to shrubs and small trees. The rue family is of great economic importance in warm temperate and sub-tropical climates for its numerous edible fruits, such as the orange (Citrus × sinensis (L.) Osbeck), lemon (Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck), bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia Risso), kumquat (Citrus japonica Thunb.), mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco) and grapefruit (Citrus × paradisi Macfad.).


Anonymous 1 (2017).,Accessed date: 25.08.2017.

Anonymous 2 (2017).,Accessed date: 25.08.2017.

Anonymous 3 (2017).,Accessed date: 25.08.2017.

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