Scientific Description:

Herbs or shrubs. Leaves alternate or opposite, entire, with or without stipular glands. Flowers actinomorphic, hermaphrodite, hypogynous, cymose or solitary. Sepals 4−5, free. Petals contorted, 4−5, free or with coherent claws, fugaceous. Stamens 4−5, often alternating with small staminodes, connate below. Disc 0. Ovary superior, 3−5 carpellate, placentation axile. Styles 3−5. Fruit an 8−or 10-seeded capsule, the loculi deeply divided by false septa.



Davis PH (1967). Linaceae, In: Davis PH (ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2: 425.

Public Description:

The “flax family” contains annual or perennial herbs and shrubs in almost worldwide. Flax plants wake up with a cheer every morning. In spite of their wispy little stems and small leaves that may nearly disappear in dry weather, flax plants open up a whole bouquet of fresh flowers each day with the rising sun. Members of this family have been used by people for thousands of years. Long fibers are used for linen production, which is considered to be the oldest known textile product. The fibers are also used in the construction of nets and ropes and the seeds are pressed to obtain linseed oil.



Anonymous 1 (2016)., Accessed date: 24.02.2016.

Anonymous 2 (2016)., Accessed date: 24.02.2016.

Anonymous 3 (2017)., Accessed date: 06.04.2017.

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