Scientific Description:

Deciduous trees. Buds with few or numerous unequal scales, often resinous and aromatic. Leaves alternate, linear to rhombic-ovate, entire, dentate, serrate or lobate, often dimorphic on long and short shoots. Petiole long, terete or flattened. Flowers dioecious, anemophilous, appearing before leaves in elongate, cylindrical, usually pendent stalked catkins; each flower with a stalked, cup-shaped disc and subtended by a toothed or laciniate bract. Stamens many. Ovary sessile, style short with branched stigma. Capsule 2(−4)-valved. Seeds small, numerous, comose.



Browicz K & Yaltırık F(1982). Populus L., In: Davis PH (ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 7: 716.

Public Description:

Populus, is a genus of decidious trees, commonly known as “poplar”, “cottonwood” or “aspen”, and is native to most of the Northern Hemisphere. There are approximately 98 species in the world and 8 species (14 taxa) in Türkiye. The caterpillar structure of flowers is the most characteristic feature of this genus. The wood of the poplar tree has a light and porous structure. It is as flexible as willow trees, as durable as oak, and unlike the oak, its weight is considerably less. The Ancient Greeks made shields from the poplar tree. Throughout the Middle Ages it continued to be used for shield construction. The poplar tree is used as a snowboard core due to its high flexibility and also in the construction of drums and electro guitars. It is widely used in paper production. Due to its high tannic acid content, the bark has been used in Europe for tanning leather. Poplar is the most common timber used for panel tables in Italy, especially at the beginning of the Renaissance period. The famous “Mona Lisa” table and the other most famous Italian tables were made from the poplar. The wood of the tree has a white or yellowish colour.



Anonymous 1 (2016) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Populus /,Accessed date: 02.08.2016.

Anonymous 2 (2016) https://gobotany.newenglandwild.org/search/?q=populus /,Accessed date: 02.08.2016

Anonymous 3 (2016) http://www.theplantlist.org/1.1/browse/A/Salicaceae/Populus//,Accessed date: 02.08.2016

Mataracı T (2012) Populus L., In: Güner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M. & Babaç, M.T. (eds.), Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını. İstanbul, pp. 838.

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