Scientific Description:

Perennial herbs. Leaves large, pedate or digitate. Inflorescence cymose. Perianth biseriate, the outer whorl of 5 large petaloid or sepaloid segments (sepals), persisting in fruit, the inner whorl of small, tubular, 2-lipped segments (nectaries). Fruit a group of few-seeded follicles, united at least at the base.



Davis PH & Cullen J (1965). Helloborus L., In: Davis PH (ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 1: 96.

Public Description:

Helleborus, commonly known as “hellebores”, are herbaceous perennial flowering plants, are native to much of Europe and along the north coast of Türkiye into the Caucasus. There are approximately 13 species in the world and 2 species (2 taxa) in Türkiye. In addition to their medical features, Hellebores have been cultivated in the gardens since ancient times as ornamental plants. Hellebores are filled with alkaloid toxins and have been used both as a poison and as a purgative.



Anonymous 1 (2016). https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Horticulture/Helleborus /,Accessed date: 04.05.2016.

Anonymous 2 (2016). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hellebore / ,Accessed date: 04.05.2016.

Anonymous 3 (2016). http://www.plantdelights.com/Article/Hellebore-Lenten-Rose/Hellebores/Christmas-Rose/ /,Accessed date: 04.05.2016.

Anonymous 4 (2016). http://www.theplantlist.org/1.1/browse/A/Ranunculaceae/Helleborus/ /,Accessed date: 04.05.2016.

Doğan Güner E (2012). Helleborus L., In: Güner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M. & Babaç, M.T. (eds.), Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını. İstanbul, pp. 778.

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