Scientific Description:

Perennial, biennial or annual herbs. Leaves basal and (when stems present) cauline, longer than broad, pinnately lobed or dissected. Flowers actinomorphic or with ± zygomorphic corolla, borne in bracteate umbels (sometimes reduced to 2−1 flowers). Stamens 5, antisepalous; staminodes 5. Nectar glands 5. Ovary 5-lobed with a long subterminal style. Fruit long-beaked, the outer part of the style separating into 5 long awns that usually remain attached to the mericarps and are spirally twisted below; awns rarely deciduous. Mericarps provided with 2 apical pits (foveoles) which may have 1 or more furrows below them.



Davis PH (1967). Erodium L’herit, In: Davis PH (ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2: 475.

Public Description:

Erodium is a genus of perennial, biennial, annual herbs or subshrubs known as “heron’s bill”, and is native to North Africa, The Middle East, Türkiye and Australia. There are approximaly 128 species in the world and 26 species (31 taxa) in Türkiye. The long fruit of this genus, which resembles a bird's beak, is quite characteristic. Some wild species and cultivars are used as ornamental plant in garden borders and rock gardens.



Anonymous 1 (2016)., Accessed date: 13.02.2016.

Anonymous 2 (2016)., Accessed date: 13.02.2016.

Anonymous 3 (2016)., Accessed date: 13.02.2016.

Ekim T (2012). Erodium L’Her In: Güner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M. & Babaç, M.T. (eds.), Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını. İstanbul, pp. 515–517.

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