ADOXACEAE - MOSCHATEL FAMILY
Shrubs, small trees or less often perennial herbs (Adoxa L., a few Sambucus L., Sinadoxa C.Y.Wu, Z.L.Wu & R.F.Huang). Leaves compound (2−3-foliate, odd- or even-pinnate) orsimple (Viburnum L.), opposite to rarely whorled; margins usually toothed or entire; venation palmate to pinnate; stipules present or absent. Inflorescences terminal panicles, umbels, spikesorhead-likecymes. Flowers smaller than 5 mm in diameter, bisexual, rarely unisexual, (plants gynodioecious in Sambucus), actinomorphic. Sepals fused. Petals fused, often with a nectary at the base. Stamens opposite the sepals, filaments attached to petals; anthers ± basifixed, extrorse; staminodes 3−5. Ovary inferior to part-inferior; carpels fused; locules 1 (Viburnum) or 3−5; fertile ovule 1 per locule; placentation axile to apical; styles 3−5 or style reduced to absent; stigmas 3−5. Fruit a drupe.
Byng JW (2014). Adoxaceae, In: The Flowering Plants Handbook: A practical guide to families and genera of the world. Plant Gateway Ltd., Hertford, UK., pp. 508.
The “moschatelfamily” contains mostly shrubs and rarely large herbs in Northern temperate to tropical regions. The family is characterised by opposite toothed leaves, small five- or, more rarely, four-petalled flowers in cymose inflorescences, and the fruit being a drupe. All are compound leaves except Viburnum L. species.
Anonymous (2015). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adoxaceae, Accessed date: 29.12.2015.